All About Coronavirus COVID-19: A Concerned Parent's Guide
成人小视频app There's no doubt that the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19) sounds scary. When it comes to the risk of a national outbreak here in the U.S., experts stress the importance of being prepared. Here’s everything you need to know about the disease that originated in Wuhan, China.
Check the for up-to-date information on statistics, disease spread, and travel advisories.
Since December 2019, medical organizations worldwide have been tracking the spread of the coronavirus disease, COVID-19. This respiratory illness began in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, and so far it’s sickened more than 425,600 people and caused at least 19,301 deaths worldwide.
The coronavirus has arrived in America成人小视频app through international travel, and there's been 53,852 confirmed cases and 728 deaths in the U.S. so far.
成人小视频appOn March 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) officially declared the coronavirus a “pandemic." And on the same day, in an effort to slow the spread. This ban went into effect on Friday, March 13, at midnight, and it's planned to last for 30 days. He has since included the in those restrictions.
School districts around the country have been shutting down, companies are encouraging workers to telecommute, and thousands of Americans were asked to self-quarantine. Some states have also closed bars, restaurants, gyms, and stores, issued mandatory curfews, and on March 15, the of 50 or more people for the next eight weeks. to avoid gatherings of more than 10 people and has asked people to when possible. On March 20, Anthony Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said that this social distancing could continue for "."
The government is taking more major steps because of the coronavirus disruption on Americans' lives: On March 18, Trump signed into law a to provide free COVID-19 testing and paid emergency leave, and on March 20, Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin moved the tax filing deadline成人小视频app from April 15 to July 15. An is also expected to pass on March 25 and will aim to help struggling small businesses and families.
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Concerts, entertainment, and have all been canceled, and theme parks have been forced to shut their doors. The NBA and NHL postponed the remainder of their regular seasons, the NCAA decided that their men's and women's basketball tournaments would be played without fans, and the , likely until 2021. Disney parks have closed until at least April, and even Broadway has gone dark amid the coronavirus concerns.
COVID-19 has caused widespread panic among parents—partly because its symptoms (cough, shortness of breath, and fever) are almost identical to influenza, says Miryam Wahrman, Ph.D., biology professor and director of the microbiology research lab at William Paterson University in Wayne, New Jersey, and author of .
成人小视频appBut here’s the good news: Americans are still unlikely to get the coronavirus without known exposure, which is why social distancing is so important. Plus, even if you do contract the coronavirus, you’ll likely recover without complications. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates the global death rate is 3.4 percent—but many experts expect that number to decrease as we learn more about the disease.
Here’s what you need to know about the coronavirus COVID-19.
What is the Coronavirus?
成人小视频appCoronaviruses are common among animals like bats, camels, and cats, . But seven varieties, called "zoonotic viruses," can be passed from animals to humans, and then from humans to other humans. These diseases often lead to respiratory symptoms that range from mild to severe.
The new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2)—and the disease it causes, COVID-19—is novel (never seen before). Officials have traced the novel coronavirus back to a seafood and live animal market in Wuhan, China. The CDC reported that COVID-19 is a betacoronavirus, which means it originated in bats. It may have spread to another animal before making its way to humans—but that information isn’t known yet.
成人小视频appTwo other novel strains have popped up in recent years. The first was Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS or SARS-CoV), which had a 2002-2003 outbreak originating in China—probably from bats or cats. SARS had 8,000 probable cases and 774 deaths, according to the CDC. Thankfully, officials quickly eradicated the disease, and it hasn't shown up in recent years. The second novel coronavirus was Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV). This disease showed up in Saudi Arabia in 2012 (presumedly from camels) and sickened thousands of people, says Sharon Nachman, M.D., Director of the Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases at Stony Brook Children's Hospital.
While experts still need to conduct more research, they say the current COVID-19 coronavirus has similarities to both SARS and MERS.
How the Coronavirus Spreads
Officials have determined that the novel coronavirus likely has animal-to-human origins, but it’s spreading between people now. Most coronaviruses are contracted through respiratory droplets from coughs and sneezes成人小视频app, but it may be possible to catch COVID-19 by touching a surface that has the virus on it and then touching your eyes, nose, or mouth. Since the novel coronavirus hasn’t been extensively studied, it’s not clear how easily it spreads. More information is needed before making a definite judgement, but the CDC says Americans without known exposure are currently at low risk for catching the disease.
成人小视频appAlong with the U.S., at least 168 countries have confirmed coronavirus cases. These include China, Australia, Canada, France, Japan, England, Germany, Singapore, Italy, Thailand, and Vietnam. for updated information.
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Coronavirus Symptoms in Kids and Adults
A definite incubation period for the coronavirus has yet to be determined. However, the CDC says that symptoms usually appear within 2 to 14 days of exposure to the virus. The coronavirus may look very similar to seasonal influenza, since both illnesses affect the respiratory tract. “The only way to differentiate is to do a clinical test,” explains Dr. Wahrman.
According to the CDC, common coronavirus symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
The severity of symptoms will vary between individuals. Some people get severe respiratory distress that leads to death, while others have minimal side effects. On top of these symptoms, a recent study in the American Journal of Gastroenterology found that nearly half of COVID-19 patients may also .
“Experts are trying to narrow down risk factors associated with this new coronavirus," says Kathleen DiCaprio, M.D., an infectious disease expert from Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine in New York City who helped develop the vaccine for the Ebola virus. She adds that "more severe cases seem to be in patients who are older and have pre-existing medical conditions."
How Dangerous is the Coronavirus?
Since COVID-19 is a new disease, people don’t have any antibodies to combat it, according to Dr. Nachman. “If you're exposed, you most likely will get the illness.”
About 80.9 percent of people have mild symptoms. Around 13.8 percent have severe symptoms that require hospitalization, and 4.7 percent have critical symptoms that require intensive care. Severe cases of the coronavirus can cause respiratory distress and death, especially in older adults and those with compromised immune systems成人小视频app. The global death rate is estimated at 3.4 percent—but since people with mild cases might not get diagnosed, experts expect it to actually be much lower.
On March 18, the CDC issued a new report looking at the first cases of the coronavirus in the U.S. and found that while older patients are at a greater risk of dying and being hospitalized, nearly sick enough to be hospitalized were between ages 20 and 54. So while risk does increase with age, younger people are not immune.
However, parents might rest easier knowing that a of the coronavirus in China for children 18 and under confirms what the WHO reported in February: The coronavirus doesn’t seem to impact babies and children as severely. Those that do contract the disease mostly have mild, cold-like symptoms.
Do Pregnant Women Need to Worry?
成人小视频appYou may have heard reports about. One was merely 30 hours old. Some hospitals are even banning visitors—including partners—during childbirth. Before you panic, though, realize there's no evidence that COVID-19 passes through the placenta. Indeed, found no evidence that the coronavirus transfers from mother to fetus during pregnancy.
There's also no evidence that the coronavirus affects expecting women more severely. Since pregnancy weakens the immune system, though, you should be extra diligent about the following the precautionary measures outlined below.
How to Prevent Coronavirus
Parents and children can prevent the coronavirus the same way they ward off other respiratory illnesses like the flu. The most important thing is getting the flu vaccine and maintaining proper hand hygiene. “Wash your hands appropriately with soap and water as needed, which reduces your risk of picking up germs that cause disease,” says Dr. Wahrman. It’s especially important to wash your hands成人小视频app before eating or touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. Scrub with soap and water for at least 20 seconds; Dr. DiCaprio recommends that kids sing "Happy Birthday" to hit the time mark.
成人小视频appAvoid contact with anyone exhibiting signs of illness. If you’re sick, the CDC recommends staying home. Cover your mouth when you sneeze or cough, and disinfect your home frequently.
成人小视频appDon't travel anywhere with coronavirus advisories, which includes most of Europe, China, South Korea, and Iran. And if you're most at risk for the disease (older adults and those with compromised immune systems), it's smart to avoid large crowds.
We asked experts to answer a few other prevention questions for parents, and here's what they had to say:
Is there a coronavirus vaccine?
There is currently no vaccine for the coronavirus. Medical experts are working on developing one, and they’re also seeing whether an existing vaccine成人小视频app could help with coronavirus, says Dr. DiCaprio. Since COVID-19 is not the same as SARS and SERS, though, experts need to start from scratch.
“There are a couple of companies working on the vaccine,” says Dr. Wahrman. “Usually a vaccine can take up to or more than a year to develop. It won't be available this season, but if this becomes something of greater concern, then there are people working on it for the future.”
Should my child wear a face mask to prevent catching the coronavirus?
If you live in a big city, you might notice people walking around with masks on their faces. These nose- and mouth-covering objects may protect against disease-causing droplets, especially if you buy an N95 respirator instead of a paper surgical mask. But the Surgeon General says these masks are completely unnecessary (unless you're already sick or work in healthcare). Indeed, .
What's more, if people keep buying face masks, for those who really need them, said Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar on Fox News Sunday.
How is America dealing with the coronavirus?
WHO, CDC, and state health partners have learned from previous coronavirus outbreaks, and they’re taking every effort to control the disease. Here are a few steps that have been taken:
- Medical organizations around the world have been working on vaccines, treatments, and testing options.
- Some states, like New York, Tennessee, and Michigan, . Others have shut down bars, restaurants, other nonessential businesses, and all gatherings of more than 10 people.
- Millions of Americans in states including—but not limited to—California, New York, New Jersey, and Illinois have been issued "" orders.
- Certain areas implemented a curfew to all residents (for example, those living in New Jersey must stay home from 8 p.m. until 5 a.m.).
- President Trump restricted travel to European countries to contain the spread of coronavirus.
- The CDC advised that all travelers should avoid “nonessential travel” to China, South Korea, and Iran.
- Officials have been shutting down colleges and offices across the country in an effort to combat the spread.
- Thousands of Americans with potential exposure have been asked to self-quarantine.
- Major sports leagues, including the NBA, NHL, and MLB, have postponed or canceled their seasons. Even the have been postponed.
- Disney shut down its theme parks.
- Drive- and walk-through testing sites are being set up around the country, and at-home tests could become available as soon as March 23.
- Several airlines have stopped service to some affected regions.
- 2020 Democratic in some states.
- Some—including partners—during childbirth.
What to Do If You Think You Have the Coronavirus
If you have respiratory symptoms, chances are you’re suffering from the flu. “If a child is sick with cough, fever, runny nose成人小视频app, and shortness of breath—and you're without any history of travel or exposure—the coronavirus isn’t a big concern," says Dr. DiCaprio.
成人小视频appBut if you’ve visited an affected area within the last 14 days—or if you’re in close contact with someone who has—you might have the coronavirus. According to the CDC, you should contact a health care provider and inform them of your travels. They’ll consult with public health department and the CDC, and then they'll decide if you need diagnostic testing for COVID-19.
成人小视频appThere is currently no recommended treatment regime for the novel coronavirus. Your health care provider will inform you on next steps, but treating the illness similarly to the flu. You should get lots of rest and fluids, take fever-reducing medication, and use a humidifier.